Hydration 101: Drinking 8 Glasses of Water and Other Myths Debunked
As temperatures rise, it’s important to keep your trusty water bottle by your side. We all know that drinking water is key, but what is the best way to stay hydrated? Does everyone need to drink 8 glasses of water each day? Will that morning coffee really dehydrate you?
We asked clinical dietitian Holly Gilligan, MA, RD, CDN from UR Medicine’s Fitness Science Department, to weed out the truth from the fable of a few common myths.
While drinking 8 glasses (64 ounces / 2 liters) is an easy goal to remember and can certainly be reasonable for some, many factors affect individual hydration needs. These include:
The U.S National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recommends 92-124 ounces of water daily for the average adult living in a temperate climate, prior to taking any of the above factors into account.
balances out the diuretic effect when consumed in typical amounts.
This is mostly true. Electrolytes are minerals that help our bodies move and function, but they’re lost when we sweat. Sports drinks can help to replace them.
If you’re exercising intensely or spending a lot of time in hot/humid climates, pay attention to how much you sweat. If you’re sweating a lot, be sure to choose a sports drink that contains sodium.
For the average adult during rest and in a temperate climate, sports drinks aren’t needed. Plain water is enough to stay hydrated.
Thirst is our body's way of telling us we need more water. When exercising or in a hot climate, that signal shows up after our body is already in the early stages of dehydration. And the thirst signal is often quenched before our body reaches adequate hydration again, making it harder to catch up.
That’s why it’s best to drink water and other fluids at regular intervals throughout the day rather than relying on thirst to tell us when to drink.
MYTH: You can’t have too much water.
This is rarely an issue for most adults, but you absolutely can have too much water. However, it is possible. In August 2023, a mother of two passed away after drinking too much water too quickly.
If we drink more water than what our body needs, this dilutes our blood, decreasing the levels of sodium and other electrolytes. When electrolytes are diluted and our kidneys can't keep up the right balance, it can lead to nausea, confused thinking, headaches, fatigue, and other symptoms. In extreme cases, too much water can be fatal.